Aquamarine, a mesmerising gemstone known for its stunning blue hue, derives its name from two latin words - “aqua” meaning water and “marina” meaning of the sea and boasts a myriad of unique properties that set it apart in the realm of jewellery. Here's a closer look:

What are the unique properties of Aquamarine?

Captivating Colour Palette:
One of Aquamarine's hallmark features is its captivating range of blue shades, reminiscent of the clear waters of the ocean. From pale sky blue to seafoam blue-green to deep azure, this gemstone effortlessly adds a touch of elegance to any jewellery piece.

Exceptional Clarity:
Aquamarine is renowned for its exceptional clarity, often characterised by its transparency and lack of visible inclusions. Clarity enhances the gem's brilliance and it is usually best to choose an Aquamarine that is ‘eye clean’, meaning that no inclusions can be detected with the naked eye.

Durable Hardness: With a hardness rating of 7.5 to 8 on the Moh’s scale, Aquamarine is a durable gemstone suitable for everyday wear. This robustness makes it an ideal choice for engagement rings and other jewellery pieces that may be subjected to regular wear and tear.

Versatile Designs:
Aquamarine's versatility shines through in its compatibility with various jewellery designs. Whether set in classic solitaire rings, contemporary earrings, or vintage-inspired necklaces, this gem adapts effortlessly to different styles, catering to diverse tastes.

Question: What is the chemical composition that gives Aquamarine gemstone its distinctive blue colour?

Aquamarine, a breathtaking variety of the mineral beryl, derives its exquisite and distinctive blue hue from the presence of iron impurities of Fe2+ (ferrous iron) and Fe3+ (ferric iron) within its crystal structure.

The colouration process begins during the formation of Aquamarine crystals deep within the earth's crust. When beryl, which is composed of beryllium aluminium silicate, undergoes crystallisation under specific geological conditions, iron impurities become incorporated into the crystal lattice. The interplay between ferrous and ferric iron ions results in the stunning range of blue shades that characterise Aquamarine.

It's important to note that the intensity and tone of the blue colour can vary, influenced by factors such as the concentration of iron impurities, crystal size, and the overall clarity of the gemstone. 

These factors add to the aesthetic appeal of the Aquamarine gemstone while providing gemmologists with important insights to determine quality and value, and geological history of the specimen.

Question: How is Aquamarine gemstone graded for quality when used in jewellery?

Aquamarine gemstones used in jewellery undergo meticulous grading processes to determine their quality and value. The key criteria considered: is

Colour Grading:

  • Hue: Aquamarine's colour can range from pale blue to deep blue-green. Gemmologists looks for an even colour and assess the primary hue and any secondary tones present.
  • Saturation: The intensity or vividness of the colour is a crucial factor. Higher blue saturation levels often contribute to a more valuable gem.

Clarity Assessment:

  • Inclusions: Gemmologists examine Aquamarine for internal features, known as inclusions. Stones with minimal or no visible inclusions are considered higher in clarity and, consequently, more desirable.
  • Transparency: The gem's transparency, or lack of cloudiness, is also taken into account during the grading process.
Cut and Shape:
  • Precision: The cut of Aquamarine impacts its brilliance and overall visual appeal. Well-cut stones maximise light reflection, enhancing the gem's sparkle.
  • Shape: While oval and emerald cuts are common, Aquamarine's versatility and hardness allows for various shapes, each influencing the gem's aesthetics differently.

Carat Weight:

  • Size: Larger Aquamarines are generally rarer, making them more valuable. However, the overall quality of the gem still plays a crucial role in determining its worth.


  • Geographical Source: Aquamarines from certain locations may exhibit unique characteristics, influencing their value. Notable geological sources include Sri Lanka, Brazil, Madagascar, and Afghanistan.
  • Heat Treatment: Some Aquamarines undergo heat treatment to enhance colour (giving them a more bluish appearance) and clarity. Heat treatment in Aquamarine is widely accepted and disclosures are non-essential. Mild heat treatment is often not detectable.

Understanding these grading factors empowers both jewellers and consumers in selecting Aquamarine jewellery that aligns with their preferences and budget. Whether it's an engagement ring, pendant, or earrings, a well-graded Aquamarine gemstone can elevate the overall quality and aesthetic appeal of the jewellery piece. 

Aquamarine, the gem that dances with the colours of the ocean, is a thrilling gemstone coveted for its mesmerising blue-green allure, it’s radiant brilliance, transparency and durability. Whether you're a gemstone enthusiast or on the hunt for a meaningful jewellery silhouette, Aquamarine stands out as a timeless and elegant option.